Tube formation in fluid membranes


Consider a point force pulling on a fluid membrane. As the magnitude of the force increases, there is a first-order shape transition from nontubular to tubular with a force barrier in between. Motivated by tube formation in endocytosis in yeast, we generalize this problem by including additional force components and steric interactions. Both new ingredients are a consequence of the underlying actin cytoskeletal network, which exerts active forces on the cell membrane to deform it into a tube. We study this generalized problem using variational and Monte Carlo methods in order to quantify endocytosis in yeast.

Mar 5, 2014 9:12 AM
Denver, Colorado, USA
Tao Zhang
Tao Zhang
Special Research Fellow